Pseudo-2D fluidized beds have been crucial for the understanding of the dynamics of gas-particle systems. In these systems the distance between the front and back walls is narrow, which restricts and creates a resistance to the solids motion, leading to a different flow behaviour compared to fully 3D systems. This interaction of the particle motion with the walls can be significant and should not be neglected in numerical simulations. The present work develops a new model to easily account for the friction effect between the walls and the particles in a pseudo-2D bed. The model is based on experimental results combined with simplifications of the shear force on a wall provided by the kinetic theory of granular flows. The dependence on the particle diameter and bed thickness is directly introduced in the model through the use of a straightforward expression that is easy to code and does not lead to numerical divergence. To test the model two beds of different thickness were simulated, and the resulting time-averaged solids concentration and velocity as well as bubble properties were compared with experiments. It is shown that the numerical results with the new wall-friction model improve the prediction of the standard 2D-simulations. (C) 2016 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.
fluidized bed; pseudo-2d; wall friction; cfd; discrete element model; magnetic-resonance measurements; direct numerical-simulation; image-analysis; heat-transfer; dem; validation; particles; thickness; forces