The spectra of reducible matrices over complete commutative idempotent semifields and their spectral lattices Articles uri icon

publication date

  • March 2016

start page

  • 86

end page

  • 115

issue

  • 2

volume

  • 45

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0308-1079

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1563-5104

abstract

  • Previous work has shown a relation between L-valued extensions of Formal Concept Analysis and the spectra of some matrices related to L-valued contexts. To clarify this relation, we investigated elsewhere the nature of the spectra of irreducible matrices over idempotent semifields in the framework of dioids, naturally ordered semirings, that encompass several of those extensions. This initial work already showed many differences with respect to their counterparts over incomplete idempotent semifields, in what concerns the definition of the spectrum and the eigenvectors. Considering special sets of eigenvectors also brought out complete lattices in the picture and we argue that such structure may be more important than standard eigenspace structure for matrices over completed idempotent semifields. In this paper, we complete that investigation in the sense that we consider the spectra of reducible matrices over completed idempotent semifields and dioids, giving, as a result, a constructive solution to the all-eigenvectors problem in this setting. This solution shows that the relation of complete lattices to eigenspaces is even tighter than suspected.

keywords

  • dioids; complete idempotent semifields; all-eigenvectors problem; spectral order lattices; eigenlattices