- November 2015
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- A kinetic study of the intercalation reaction of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) into the layers of kaolinite was carried out. Several kaolinite-DMSO mixtures were analyzed at four temperatures (60, 50, 45 and 40 degrees C). Structural characterization was done by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The intercalation reaction was followed by XRD of the kaolinite-DMSO intercalates at different reaction times and temperatures. A kinetic analysis of the process was performed considering a two-step simple mechanism for consecutive reactions: ingress of DMSO molecules into the kaolinite galleries and subsequent rotation of DMSO molecules. Finally, the activation energies of the two steps proposed for the global intercalation process were estimated.
- kaolinite; dmso; intercalation; kinetic study; nanocomposites; decomposition