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In this paper, we study new algebraic and analytic aspects of orthogonal polynomials on the real line when finite modifications of the recurrence coefficients, the so-called co-polynomials on the real line, are considered. We investigate the behavior of their zeros, mainly interlacing and monotonicity properties. Furthermore, using a transfer matrix approach we obtain new structural relations, combining theoretical and computational advantages. Finally, a connection with the theory of orthogonal polynomials on the unit circle is pointed out.
orthogonal polynomials on the real line; co-polynomials on the real line; zeros; transfer matrices