Contactless Mechanical Components: Gears, Torque Limiters and Bearings Articles uri icon

authors

  • PEREZ DIAZ, JOSE LUIS
  • DIEZ JIMENEZ, EFREN
  • VALIENTE BLANCO, IGNACIO
  • CRISTACHE, CRISTIAN
  • ALVAREZ VALENZUELA, MARCO ANTONIO
  • SANCHEZ GARCIA-CASARRUBIOS, JUAN

publication date

  • December 2014

start page

  • 312

end page

  • 324

issue

  • 4

volume

  • 2

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2075-1702

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2075-1702

abstract

  • Contactless mechanical components are mechanical sets for conversion of torque/speed, whose gears and moving parts do not touch each other, but rather they provide movement with magnets and magnetic materials that exert force from a certain distance. Magneto-mechanical transmission devices have several advantages over conventional mechanisms: no friction between rotatory elements (no power losses or heat generation by friction so increase of efficiency), no lubrication is needed (oil-free mechanisms and no lubrication auxiliary systems), reduced maintenance (no lubricant so no need of oil replacements), wider operational temperature ranges (no lubricant evaporation or freezing), overload protection (if overload occurs magnet simply slides but no teeth brake), through-wall connection (decoupling of thermal and electrical paths and environmental isolation), larger operative speeds (more efficient operative conditions), ultralow noise and vibrations (no contact no noise generation). All these advantages permit us to foresee in the long term several common industrial applications in which including contactless technology would mean a significant breakthrough for their performance. In this work, we present three configurations of contactless mechanical passive components: magnetic gears, magnetic torque limiters and superconducting magnetic bearings. We summarize the main characteristic and range of applications for each type; we show experimental results of the most recent developments showing their performance.

keywords

  • contactless mechanical component magnetic gear; magnetic torque limiter; superconducting magnetic bearing