Synergistic effect of pendant hydroxypropyl and pyrrolidine moieties randomly distributed along polymethacrylamide backbones on in vitro DNA-transfection Articles uri icon

authors

  • REDONDO, J.A.
  • VELASCO BAYON, DIEGO
  • PEREZ-PERRINO, M.
  • REINECKE, H.
  • GALLARDO, A.
  • PANDIT, A.
  • ELVIRA, C.

publication date

  • February 2015

start page

  • 38

end page

  • 43

issue

  • 2

volume

  • 90

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0939-6411

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1873-3441

abstract

  • In this work, the cationic monomer N-ethyl pyrrolidine methacrylamide (EPA) was copolymerized with the neutral monomer N-hydroxypropyl methacrylamide (HPMA) at different molar ratios obtaining linear random copolymers that were characterized and evaluated in vitro as non-viral gene carriers using murine Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts. The copolymers with excess or equimolar amount of EPA were able to complex DNA forming stable polyplexes with an average size between 50 and 200 nm, while the copolymers with an excess of HPMA do not. Cell viability was shown to depend on the EPA/HPMA molar ratio, exhibiting the equimolar copolymer poly (EPA-co-HPMA) 50:50 (EPA₅₀) a full cytocompatibility, similar to the HPMA-rich systems. This copolymer EPA₅₀ has also shown significantly higher transfection levels than the systems with other compositions and the positive controls poly l-lysine (PLL) and poly EPA (pEPA). This statistical equimolar copolymer EPA₅₀ has unique properties related to its composition and microstructure, which allows it to complex DNA, showing an excellent biocompatibility and high transfection efficiency.

keywords

  • cationic polymers; stimuli responsive polymers; gene delivery; acrylics; pyrrolidine; hpma