Divisive gaussian processes for nonstationary regression Articles uri icon

publication date

  • November 2014

start page

  • 1991

end page

  • 2003


  • 11


  • 25

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2162-237X

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2162-2388


  • Standard Gaussian process regression (GPR) assumes constant noise power throughout the input space and stationarity when combined with the squared exponential covariance function. This can be unrealistic and too restrictive for many real-world problems. Nonstationarity can be achieved by specific covariance functions, though prior knowledge about this nonstationarity can be difficult to obtain. On the other hand, the homoscedastic assumption is needed to allow GPR inference to be tractable. In this paper, we present a divisive GPR model which performs nonstationary regression under heteroscedastic noise using the pointwise division of two nonparametric latent functions. As the inference on the model is not analytically tractable, we propose a variational posterior approximation using expectation propagation (EP) which allows for accurate inference at reduced cost. We have also made a Markov chain Monte Carlo implementation with elliptical slice sampling to assess the quality of the EP approximation. Experiments support the usefulness of the proposed approach.


  • elliptical slice sampling; expectation propagation (ep); gaussian process (gp); heteroscedastic regression; nonstationarity.; expectation propagation; gaussian process; heteroscedastic regressions; non-stationarities; slice samplings