De mitos y sublimes digitales: movimientos sociales y tecnologías de la comunicación desde una perspectiva histórica Articles uri icon

publication date

  • December 2013

start page

  • 27

end page

  • 47

issue

  • 8

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 1696-2079

abstract

  • This paper aims at interpreting the relationship between social movements and communicationtechnologies, from the perspective of a set of critical frameworks which, in recent years,have warned of the processes of sublimation and creation of myths linked to the birth ofeach "new" technology. Within this context, civic movements are observed both as spacesof reproduction of enthusiastic discourses on ICTs, at the service of diverse power spheres-corporations, governments, media, etc.-, as well as of experimentation and technologicalappropriation, in which, through daily practices, a more complex and demystified perspectiveof communication technologies is produced. We propose a chronological analysis acrossthree case studies, based in different contexts, which aim at illustrating the premature approximationsto the role of communication technologies in social uprisings: the Zapatistainformational guerrilla, the 'smart mobs' in the Philippines, the 'Anomalous Wave' and the '5Stars Movement' in the Italian context. We conclude underlining the need to move towardsthe collective construction of knowledge through synergies between academia and socialmovements as a way to question techno-euphoria as well as to avoid the mistakes of the past

keywords

  • social movements cyberactivism; communication technologies; web 2.0; digital myths; techno-myths; movimientos sociales ; ciberactivismo; tecnologías de la información; web 2.0; mitos digitales; tecnomitos