On exploiting social relationship and personal background for content discovery in P2P networks Articles uri icon

publication date

  • November 2014

start page

  • 17

end page

  • 29


  • 40

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0167-739X

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-7115


  • Content discovery is a critical issue in unstructured Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks as nodes maintain only local network information. However, similarly without global information about human networks, one still can find specific persons via his/her friends by using social information. Therefore, in this paper, we investigate the problem of how social information (i.e., friends and background information) could benefit content discovery in P2P networks. We collect social information of 384,494 user profiles from Facebook, and build a social P2P network model based on the empirical analysis. In this model, we enrich nodes in P2P networks with social information and link nodes via their friendships. Each node extracts two types of social features–Knowledge and Similarity–and assigns more weight to the friends that have higher similarity and more knowledge. Furthermore, we present a novel content discovery algorithm which can explore the latent relationships among a node’s friends. A node computes stable scores for all its friends regarding their weight and the latent relationships. It then selects the top friends with higher scores to query content. Extensive experiments validate performance of the proposed mechanism. In particular, for personal interests searching, the proposed mechanism can achieve 100% of Search Success Rate by selecting the top 20 friends within two-hop. It also achieves 6.5 Hits on average, which improves the performance of the compared methods.


  • Computer Science
  • Information Science
  • Telecommunications


  • social p2p; content discovery; similarity; knowledge