Occupational Mobility at Migration: Evidence from Spain Articles uri icon

publication date

  • November 2013

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 16

issue

  • 4

volume

  • 18

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 1360-7804

abstract

  • This article provides insight into the determinants of occupational mobility recorded for immigrants between their last job in the region of origin and their first job in Spain. Multinomial and bivariate logistic regression models are applied to identify the strongest predictors of upward and downward mobility when immigrants move from one country's labour market to another. This study's empirical analysis was carried out using data from the Spanish National Immigrant Survey of 2007. Our results show that ethnic segmentation in the Spanish labour market negatively affects the occupational mobility of immigrants. Secondly, we observe that non EU15 immigrants are at higher risk of downward mobility. Thirdly, higher levels of education offer protection against downward mobility and increase the chance for upgrading. Finally, contrary to our predictions, social capital embedded in support received from friends and relatives who reside in the destination country increases the risk of occupational downgrading and reduces the possibility of upward mobility.

keywords

  • migration; occupational mobility; spain; labour market segmentation; human capital; social capital; gender gap