Detection of transformer faults using frequency-response traces in the low-frequency bandwidth Articles uri icon


publication date

  • September 2014

start page

  • 4971

end page

  • 4978


  • 9


  • 61

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0278-0046

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1557-9948


  • This paper describes a new procedure which facilitates the frequency-response curve interpretation in the low-frequency bandwidth. The procedure is able to estimate the magnetization inductance and winding capacitance, for each transformer phase by only using data from its frequency response. The described calculation procedure uses an R-L-C electrical equivalent circuit developed to simulate the impedance measured in the frequency-response test. The procedure takes into account the magnetic coupling among different phases and allows their analysis separately, enabling the identification of a possible failure. This paper describes the procedure to obtain the parameters and its application for interpreting the low-frequency results of frequency-response analysis measurement cases. © 1982-2012 IEEE.


  • fault detection; frequency domain analysis; frequency response; magnetic core; modeling; parameter estimation; bandwidth; fault detection; frequency domain analysis; magnetic cores; magnetic couplings; models; parameter estimation; calculation procedure; electrical equivalent circuit; frequency response analysis; frequency-response curves; its applications; low-frequency; magnetization inductance; transformer faults; frequency response