Consumption of the dietary flavonoids quercetin, luteolin and kaempferol and overall risk of cancer -a review and meta-analysis of the epidemiological data Articles uri icon

authors

  • TENA HORRILLO, JUAN DE DIOS
  • BURGOS-MORON, E.
  • CALDERON-MONTAÑO, J.M.
  • SANZ, I.
  • SAINZ, J.
  • LOPEZ-LAZARO, M.

publication date

  • January 2013

issue

  • 5

volume

  • 4

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 2046-1690

abstract

  • Numerous epidemiological and preclinical studies suggest that flavonoids may play an important role in the decreased risk of cancer associated with a diet rich in plant-derived foods. In this article, we have reviewed the epidemiological studies assessing the relationship between the consumption of three of the most common flavonoids, i.e. quercetin, luteolin and kaempferol, and the risk of developing cancer. We have also performed a meta-analysis on the consumption of these three flavonoids (alone and combined) and overall risk of cancer. The analysis of data from 18 case-control studies (8585 cases with cancer and 9975 control subjects) revealed that a high consumption of these three flavonoids (combined) was associated with a statistically significant reduction of overall cancer risk (OR: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.63, 0.84; p<0.01). A reduction of overall cancer risk was also observed for quercetin (OR: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.62, 0.86; p<0.01), kaempferol (OR: 0.86; 95% CI: 0.73, 1.11; p>0.05) and luteolin (OR: 0.90; 95% CI: 0.69, 1.18; p>0.05), which was statistically significant for quercetin. A high intake of these three flavonoids (combined) was also associated with a statistically significant reduction of lung cancer risk (OR: 0.67; 95% CI: 0.49, 0.91; p<0.05) and colon cancer risk (OR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.57, 0.98; p<0.05). The analysis of data from 14 cohort studies (385033 individuals and 10809 cancer cases) showed a statistically significant reduction of overall cancer risk for the three flavonoids combined (RR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.80, 1.00; p<0.05), for quercetin (RR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.71, 0.96; p<0.05) and for kaempferol (RR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.78, 0.99; p<0.05), and a non-statistically significant reduction for luteolin (RR: 0.95; 95% CI: 0.67, 1.34; p>0.05). These results suggest that consumption of foods rich in the flavonoids quercetin, kaempferol and luteolin may reduce the risk of developing cancer.

keywords

  • cancer; flavonoids; quercetin; luteolin; kaempferol; case-control; cohort