Made on earth : environmental externalities in global supply chains Articles uri icon

publication date

  • October 2013

start page

  • 518

end page

  • 537


  • 2


  • 5

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1989-4570


  • Three decades of trade and environment debate have delivered minor advances in the quest for world sustainable development. Nowadays, trade liberalization is delinked from sustainable global standards of production, distribution and consumption. As a result, process and production methods (PPMs) in global supply-chains are not legally relevant in the trade-based development equation. Solutions to achieve global sustainable development are certainly not easy: however, constructing a global market in which environmental costs are 100% legally irrelevant (like product distinction) does not help.


  • process and production methods; trade; externalities; like product; sustainable development; métodos y procesos de producción; comercio; externalidades; producto similar; desarrollo sostenible