A settling tube to determine the terminal velocity and size distribution of fluidized nanoparticle agglomerates Articles uri icon

publication date

  • December 2013

start page

  • 2183

volume

  • 16

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 1388-0764

abstract

  • There are few techniques to measure in situ the size distribution and density of fluidized nanoparticle agglomerates. Visualization techniques, which are the most applied approach, currently have two important limitations: (1) they do not allow a continuous determination of the terminal velocity of the agglomerates, because it is necessary to stop the fluidization and (2) often, the agglomerates are tracked in very dilute zones of the bed, typically in the splash zone, where agglomerates are likely not representatives for the agglomerates in the whole bed. In this communication, we propose a sampling technique that allows to determine the size distribution and terminal velocity of fluidized agglomerates larger than similar to 20 mu m continuously, in situ, and allows to work with concentrations of agglomerates higher than other reported techniques.

keywords

  • aggregates; density; fluidization; fractal dimension; clusters; nanoparticles