Flexible PVDF-BaTiO₃ nanocomposites as potential materials for pressure sensors Articles uri icon

publication date

  • September 2013

start page

  • 9

end page

  • 18


  • 1


  • 447

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0015-0193

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1563-5112


  • In this work, PVDF-BaTiO₃ composites were prepared using cryogenic high-energy ball milling (HEBM) and subsequent hot pressing. PVDF-BaTiO₃ mixtures with different weight fractions of submicrometric BaTiO₃ particles were subjected to 1 h of active milling. By applying pressure at 200°C the resulting powder was molded in the form of thin discs. This processing method allowed us to obtain an extraordinary uniform dispersion of the BaTiO₃ particles within the PVDF polymer matrix. A morphological and structural characterization of the materials was done using conventional techniques (DSC, FTIR, XRD, SEM). Piezoelectric characterization of the specimens was also carried out by two different tests for inducing output voltage signals in the materials: i) single impact by ball free fall; and ii) macroscopic tapping. It was found that the output voltage decreases in both cases with the amount of BaTiO₃ particles. The origin of this observation does not seem to be due to changes in the crystalline structure or morphology of the PVDF induced by the presence of BaTiO₃. Rather, it can be explained taking into account that the constituents of the composites under study, BaTiO₃ and PVDF, have opposite piezoelectric effects.


  • composites; pvdf; batio3; piezoelectric behaviour; high energy ball milling