Improvement of sintering behaviour of titanium by colloidal techniques Articles uri icon

publication date

  • September 2013

start page

  • 258

end page

  • 262

issue

  • 4

volume

  • 56

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0032-5899

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1743-2901

abstract

  • The conventional sintering of titanium requires high temperatures to obtain high densities and low porosity, giving rise to microstructures with high grain size, and high interstitial contents, both of which adversely affect the mechanical properties obtained. A novel approach is reported which uses fine (10 µm) spherical Ti powder to improve the sintering behaviour, together with a small percentage of alumina particles (0·5 µm) to restrict grain growth. Colloidal techniques were used to form spherical agglomerates, 50‐300 µm in size, of Ti powder with alumina particles dispersed homogenously on the Ti surface. These agglomerates present good compressibility and make it possible to sinter effectively at low temperatures, increasing the relative density and decreasing grain size

keywords

  • powder technology; colloidal processing; sintering