A multi-model sequential Monte Carlo methodology for indoor tracking: Algorithms and experimental results Articles uri icon

publication date

  • November 2012

start page

  • 2594

end page

  • 2613


  • 11


  • 92

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0165-1684

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-7557


  • In this paper we address the problem of indoor tracking using received signal strength (RSS) as a position-dependent data measurement. Since RSS is highly influenced by multipath propagation, it turns out very hard to adequately model the correspondence between the received power and the transmitter-to-receiver distance. Although various models have been proposed in the literature, they often require the use of very large collections of data in order to fit them and display great sensitivity to changes in the radio propagation environment. In this work we advocate the use of switching multiple models that account for different classes of target dynamics and propagation environments and propose a flexible probabilistic switching scheme. The resulting state-space structure is termed a generalized switching multiple model (GSMM) system. Within this framework, we investigate two types of models for the RSS data: polynomial models and classical logarithmic path-loss representation. The first model is more accurate however it demands an offline model fitting step. The second one is less precise but it can be fitted in an online procedure. We have designed two tracking algorithms built around a Rao-Blackwellized particle filter, tailored to the GSMM structure and assessed its performances both with synthetic and experimental measurements.