On the Influence of the Vacancy Distribution on the Structure and Ionic Conductivity of A-Site-Deficient LixSrxLa2/3-xTiO3 Perovskites Articles uri icon

publication date

  • May 2012

start page

  • 5831

end page

  • 5838


  • 10


  • 51

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0020-1669

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-510X


  • The crystal structure and dielectric properties of slowly cooled A-site-deficient perovskites LixSrxLa2/3&-x□1/3&-xTiO3 (0.04 ≤ x ≤ 0.33) have been investigated by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), impedance spectroscopy, and 7Li NMR techniques. In this series, nominal vacancies decrease with Li content, but the total amount of A-site vacancies, nt = Li + □, participating in conduction processes remains basically constant. Rietveld analysis of the XRD patterns showed a change of symmetry from orthorhombic to tetragonal when the lithium and strontium contents increased above x = 0.08 and from tetragonal to cubic above x = 0.16. Structural modifications are mainly due to the cation vacancy ordering along the c axis, which disappear gradually when the lithium content increases. In agreement with the structural information, two lithium signals with different quadrupole constants are detected in 7Li NMR spectra of orthorhombic/tetragonal phases, which have been associated with lithium in two crystallographic z/c = 0 and 1/2 planes of perovskites. In cubic samples, only a single narrow component, indicative of mobile species, was detected. Lithium motion was thermally activated, with activation energies going from 0.35 to 0.38 eV. Evolution of the bulk dc-conductivity preexponential factors along the series showed a maximum that has been first related to the dependence of lithium hopping on the lithium and vacancy concentrations. Finally, changes in the vacancy ordering, produced along the series, affect the dimensionality of the conductivity, indicating that not only the amount of vacancies but also its distribution are relevant.