Documentary Uses of Artistic Photography: Spain. Types and Costumes by Jose Ortiz Echague Articles uri icon

authors

  • ORTIZ-ECHAGÜE TRUJILLANO, JAVIER
  • MONTERO DÍAZ, JULIO

publication date

  • October 2011

start page

  • 394

end page

  • 415

issue

  • 4

volume

  • 35

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0308-7298

abstract

  • The photographs of Jose Ortiz Echagüe are often read in terms of artistic and documentary values, with the two poles in tension within his work. Echagüe's project Spain. Types and Costumes was an attempt to document systematically traditional Spanish costumes. At the same time, Echagüe ̈never abandoned pictorialist techniques, which are often considered contrary to documentary intentions. This article discusses the types and costumes series from a historic perspective based in the social uses of photography. This perspective shows how the same images were considered in different contexts as artistic or documentary images, or as propaganda icons in both sides during the Spanish Civil War.

keywords

  • pictorialism; ethnographic photography; documentary photography; spanish pavilion; paris world fair 1937; jose ortiz echague (1886-1980)