- JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL PHYSICS Journal
- September 2011
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- We study, using transfer-matrix methods, the partition-function zeros of the square-lattice q-state Potts antiferromagnet at zero temperature (= square-lattice chromatic polynomial) for the boundary conditions that are obtained from an m×n grid with free boundary conditions by adjoining one new vertex adjacent to all the sites in the leftmost column and a second new vertex adjacent to all the sites in the rightmost column. We provide numerical evidence that the partition-function zeros are becoming dense everywhere in the complex q-plane outside the limiting curve B∞(sq) for this model with ordinary (e.g. free or cylindrical) boundary conditions. Despite this, the infinite-volume free energy is perfectly analytic in this region.
- chromatic polynomial; chromatic roots; tutte polynomial; potts model; transfer matrix; beraha-kahane-weiss theorem; planar graph; square lattice; extra-vertex boundary conditions