A 7 mW 20 MHz BW time-encoding oversampling converter implemented in a 0.08 mm(2) 65 nm CMOS circuit Articles uri icon

publication date

  • July 2011

start page

  • 1562

end page

  • 1574


  • 7


  • 46

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0018-9200

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-173X


  • This work presents an area-and power-efficient realization of a new time-encoding oversampling converter (TEOC) consisting of a third-order continuous time (CT) loop filter and a self-oscillating pulse-width modulator (PWM). The modulator displays similar performance to that of a standard multibit CT-Sigma Delta modulator but has the complexity of a single bit design. The time-encoding quantizer (TEQ) is implemented inside a Sigma Delta modulator by replacing a multibit quantizer. An innovative TEQ is used to overcome design issues in a 1.0 V supply-voltage 65 nm digital CMOS technology. The TEQ allows an exchange of amplitude-resolution by time-resolution. The approach of time-resolution alleviates the scaling difficulties of mixed-signal circuits in nano-scale technologies. The TEOC features a 63 dB dynamic-range and a peak-SNDR of 61 dB over a 20 MHz signal bandwidth. Clocked at 2.5 GHz, the complete ADC consumes 7 mW from a single 1.0 V supply, including also the reference buffers. The ADC core results in an attractively small area of 0.08 mm(2) and in a figure-of-merit (FoM = Pwr/2 . BW . 2(ENOB)) of 0.17 pJ/conversion-step.


  • analog to digital conversion; continuous-time filters; sigma-delta modulation; pulse-width modulator; time encoding quantizer; low-pass filters; low-voltage design; sigma-delta modulator; to digital conversion; dynamic-range; adc; bandwidth; quantizer; db