- CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE Journal
- August 2011
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- The results from a two-fluid Eulerian-Eulerian three-dimensional (3-D) simulation of a cylindrical bed, filled with Geldart-B particles and fluidized with air in the bubbling regime, are compared with experimental data obtained from pressure and optical probe measurements in a real bed of similar dimensions and operative conditions. The main objectives of this comparison are to test the validity of the simulation results and to characterize the bubble behavior and bed dynamics. The fluidized bed is 0.193. m internal diameter and 0.8. m height, and it is filled with silica sand particles, reaching a settle height of 0.22. m. A frequency domain analysis of absolute and differential pressure signals in both the measured and the simulated cases shows that the same principal phenomena are reproduced with similar distributions of peak frequencies in the power spectral density (PSD) and width of the spectrum. The local dynamic behavior is also studied in the present work by means of the PSD of the simulated particle fraction and the PSD of the measured optical signal, which reveals as well good agreement between both the spectra. This work also presents, for the first time, comparative results of the measured and the simulated bubble size and velocity in a fully 3-D bed configuration. The values of bubble pierced length and velocity retrieved from the experimental optical signals and from the simulated particle fraction compare fairly well in different radial and axial positions. Very similar values are obtained when these bubble parameters are deduced from either simulated pressure signals or simulated particle volume fraction. In addition, applying the maximum entropy method technique, bubble size probability density functions are also calculated. All these results indicate that the two-fluid model is able to reproduce the essential dynamics and interaction between bubbles and dense phase in the 3-D bed studied.
- bubble; fluidization; maximum entropy; multiphase flow; optical probe; simulation