Nonlinear Electron and Spin Transport in Semiconductor Superlattices Articles uri icon

publication date

  • julio 2008

start page

  • 494

end page

  • 513

volume

  • 69

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0036-1399

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1095-712X

abstract

  • Nonlinear charge transport in strongly coupled semiconductor superlattices is described by Wigner-Poisson kinetic equations involving one or two minibands. Electron-electron collisions are treated within the Hartree approximation whereas other inelastic collisions are described by a modified BGK (Bhatnaghar-Gross-Krook) model. The hyperbolic limit is such that the collision frequencies are of the same order as the Bloch frequencies due to the electric field and the corresponding terms in the kinetic equation are dominant. In this limit, spatially nonlocal drift-diffusion balance equations for the miniband populations and the electric field are derived by means of the Chapman-Enskog perturbation technique. For a lateral superlattice with spin-orbit interaction, electrons with spin up or down have different energies and their corresponding drift-diffusion equations can be used to calculate spin-polarized currents and electron spin polarization. Numerical solutions show stable self-sustained oscillations of the current and the spin polarization through a voltage biased lateral superlattice thereby providing an example of superlattice spin oscillator.