Influence of unobservable overstress in a rate-independent inelastic loading curve on dynamic necking of a bar Articles uri icon

publication date

  • January 2018

start page

  • 158

end page

  • 168


  • 116

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0167-6636

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-7743


  • A nonlinear rate-independent overstress model with a smooth elastic-inelastic transition is used to analyze instabilities during dynamic necking of a bar. In the simplified model the elastic strain se determines the value of stress and the hardening parameter kappa determines the onset of inelasticity. These quantities {epsilon(e), kappa} are obtained by integrating time evolution equations. The main and perhaps surprising result of this paper is that, based on the critical growth rate (eke of a perturbation, two rate-independent materials with a smooth elastic-plastic transition due to overstress and nearly the same loading curve (elastic strain or stress versus total strain) can have different susceptibilities to tensile instabilities. Specifically, increase in overstress causes decreased material instability near the onset of the smooth elastic-inelastic transition and increased instability when the elastic strain approaches its saturated value. To the authors' knowledge, this new insight has not been reported in the literature. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • material instability; necking; rate-independent; smooth elastic-inelastic transition