Reversal of gulf stream circulation in a vertically vibrated triangular fluidized bed Articles uri icon

publication date

  • July 2017

start page

  • 345

end page

  • 356


  • 316

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0032-5910

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-328X


  • The present work experimentally assesses the effect of vibration on the dynamics of particles in a fluidized bed of triangular shape. The base of the bed is composed of two inclined walls, each one forming an angle of 45 with the horizontal. The bed has 0.206 m span and 0.01 m thickness. The bed vessel is made of antistatic PMMA in order to allow optical access with a high-speed camera. The bed is mounted on an electrodynamic shaker which produces vertical vibration. The bed material is ballotini particles with a mean diameter of 1.15 mm up to the top of the inclined walls. Air was injected through the inclined bed walls to fluidize the bed to explore whether vibration of the bed vessel together with gas injection can make the dynamics of this bed different to that found when no gas is injected. A high speed camera was used to record the motion of particles in the bed. The velocity of the particles in the bed was obtained via Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The results show that several circulation patterns are observed as a function of vibration amplitude and frequency when the fluidization velocity is just below and above the minimum fluidization velocity. Noticeably, for zero gas velocity, particles ascend close to the side walls and descend in the center of the bed. By injecting fluidization gas, the circulation pattern of the bed can be reversed (i.e. particles descending near the inclined walls and ascending in the center of the bed). Conditions for which this reversal of the gulf stream circulation of particles appears in the triangular bed are explored in this work and these include gas superficial velocities higher than the minimum fluidization velocity and sufficiently high values of the vibration strength. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • fluidization; vibration; triangular bed; gulf stream circulation; digital image-analysis; pulverized coal; granular-materials; velocimetry piv; surface-waves; spout; discharge; convection; behavior; patterns